the raw art of Bill Traylor, American outsider artist

Self-taught artist Bill Traylor didn’t pick up a pencil until he was 85, but went on to produce over 1,500 pieces of the most wonderful art…

om pom Bill_Traylor_portrait_

 

His drawings now rank amongst the greatest artworks of the 20th century.

 

Below: BLUE CAT

om pom bill trayor blue cat

 

Born into slavery in Alabama in 1854 he worked on the land most of his life.  He left his farm aged 82 to move to Montgomery where he found employment in a shoe factory, but suffering from rheumatism he found it difficult to work and soon found himself jobless and homeless.

 

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He slept on a pallet in the back room of a funeral parlour and spent his days sitting on a wooden box on Monroe Street, the centre of the city’s lively black district. It was there that he took up drawing, working on scraps of paper and salvaged cardboard and was spotted by a young artist, Charles Shannon. Shannon was so taken by Traylor’s work that he began to visit him every week and supplied him with paint, paintbrushes, pencils and paper.

 

om pom bill traylor 7

 

Traylor produced all his art sitting on the pavement – an outsider artist in every sense.  His work depicts memories of his life on the farm, or images of the people and animals he saw on the street about him.

 

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om pom bill traylor woman graphite, crayon, charcoal on cardboard

Above: WOMAN WITH UMBRELLA   graphite, crayon and charcoal on cardboard

 

om pom bill-traylor-man-seated-smoking

Above: MAN SEATED SMOKING

 

Most of Traylor’s figures have some kind of accessory such as a cane, hat, umbrella, purse or cigarette.

 

om pom bill traylor Man in Blue Pants paoint, pencil, coloured pencil, charcoal on cardboard

Above: MAN IN BLUE PANTS   paint, pencil, coloured pencil and charcoal on cardboard

 

om pom bill traylor Blue Man on Red Objects poster paint and pencil on cardboard

Above: BLUE MAN ON RED OBJECT   poster paint and pencil on cardboard

 

CART, below, is one of my favourites…

 

om pom bill traylor cart

 

om pom bill traylor woman and chickens

Above: WOMAN WITH CHICKENS

 

The other main focus of Traylor’s work was animals, simple shapes often in bold colours…

 

om pom bill traylor 9

 

om pom bill traylor 4

 

om pom bill traylor 3

 

om pom bill traylor 2

 

om pom bill traylor 10

om pom bill traylor Two Dogs Fighting poster paint and pencil on cardboard

Above: TWO DOGS FIGHTING   poster paint and pencil on cardboard

 

om pom bill-traylor-brown-bull

Above: BROWN BULL

 

om pom bill-traylor-untitled-(dog-walking-man)

Above: DOG WALKING MAN

 

om pom bill-traylor-brown-dog-with-long-legs

Above: BROWN DOG WITH LONG LEGS

 

Charles Shannon staged an exhibition of Traylor’s work, but none of it sold.

om pom bill traylor untitled watercolour and graphite on cardboardAbove: UNTITLED   watercolour and graphite on cardboard
Over his lifetime Traylor had two wives and relationships with several women and fathered over twenty children.

After losing his leg to gangrene, Traylor moved in with his daughter, Sarah (Sally) Traylor Howard and died on October 23, 1949 at Montgomery’s St. Jude Hospital. He is buried at Mount Moriah Cemetery.

 

om pom bill traylor untitled graphite and ink on cardboard

Above: UNTITLED   graphite and ink on cardboard

 

om pom bill traylor House with Figures poster paint and pencil on cardboard

Above: HOUSE WITH FIGURES   poster paint and pencil on cardboard

 

Shannon had over a thousand of Traylor’s drawings when Traylor died and kept them in storage due to lack of public interest. But in 1979 he exhibited them at R.H. Oosterom Gallery, New York and audiences finally began to take notice.

In 1982 Traylor’s work was shown in the landmark exhibition, Black Folk Art in America, at the Corcoran Gallery in Washington, D.C.
om pom bill traylor Waving Man poster paint and pencil on cardboard

Above: WAVING MAN   poster paint and pencil on cardboard

 

Traylor was a fantastic artist, who like so many, was not recognised in his own lifetime, but leaves a legacy of wonderful, simple, brilliant drawings…

 

om pom bill-traylor-observing-life-thumb

 

 

For anyone wishing to read more on Bill then I suggest PAINTING A HIDDEN LIFE: The Art of Bill Traylor

And here’s a great little video about him if you fancy a watch. It’s about 6 minutes worth…

 

 

words: CAND JUSKUS

images: various sources online

 

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